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wanbo-万博娱乐-狗万万博manbet
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相信生活,相信爱
2015-11-11 12:00:36 作者:吴晓玲 点击数:1386

近两周末都比较专注地读汪曾祺先生的小说和散文,那感觉好比夏日里啜饮清凉的甘甜泉水,冬天喝下暖烘烘的温水,他老人家的文字和文字间的气质如水,处处静水流淌,却不孤寂;又确凿如同他老人家自己所尊崇的那样:如行云流水。日常生活中沉重如苦难灾难,琐碎如柴米油盐、衣食住行,在汪曾祺的笔下全都变得有滋有 味有趣有情,全然不见焦虑、沮丧和抱怨,铁凝写道“汪曾祺先生总让我想到‘相信生活,相信爱’”,这倒是很真心的话。

如《跑警报》写的是在抗战时期昆明日日遭受日军空袭,大家如何躲避,甚是有情趣。有的人躲在防空洞写诗看小说;有的男女逮住这机会谈恋爱,一旦有恋爱,失恋是难免了,防空洞里留下“人生几何,恋爱三角”的壁题;还有牛人只顾沿着人们跑空袭警报的路线,寻觅遗落的金耳环金链子;也有人依旧挑着煮花生之类的零食兜售,以解人们之饥,同时赚几个小钱。大家对隔三差五的空袭似乎也习以为常了,警报一响也并不会大难临头地急如热锅上的蚂蚁,狼狈窜逃,甚至有人从来不躲不逃,还优哉游哉独享澡堂的热水,因为大家都跑山上躲避空袭去了,真是个“淡定哥”,大概笃信孔夫子圣人的训言:人各有命,富贵由天。在汪曾祺的笔下,看不到战争中的战火连天,血肉横飞,反而是如此有趣的场景,日本鬼子算是被气死了,本来想用狂轰滥炸把这群人对生活的信心和希望炸个稀巴烂的,没想到这些手无寸铁的平头百姓、穷学生全是不知愁,自得其乐的样子,不气得吹胡子瞪眼睛,外加拍翻桌子才怪呢。日本人不知道在生活面前,不知愁、自得其乐比刀枪火炮更有力量吧。

张爱玲也写过战争生活。那是香港沦陷时候的生活,战火中的小市民仍旧顽强偷生,日子该怎么过还怎么过,这真叫蝼蚁尚且偷生,何况人。不过张写得比汪老先生可冷调多了,有如冷风嗖嗖(这应该很正常,符合张的作风)。在沦陷了的香港岛这个封闭而危机四伏的空间里,张笔下的青年男女豁了出去,抓住结婚的渴望和勇气,其实是出于饮食男女怕一个人死于非命的恐惧(白流苏和范柳原可算得上典型,没准《倾城之恋》的故事灵感来自于此);人人如何保护自己不多的食物,以防进入他人之口;女孩子则死性不改,一旦有空闲就谈论衣着和发型,大学生万分庆幸由于战争而取消了期末考;护士如何厌恶被腐烂的伤口折磨的伤兵……人们多么自私地苟且活着啊!这冷调的场景和情绪,唯有张爱玲能写得冷艳。然而张爱玲也是爱日常生活的,爱日常的烟火气,她的许多散文便宣扬着对日常的爱,简直到了爱屋及乌的程度,虽然她甚是轻视日常无法永恒。她甚至还爱上了人性的丑恶和龌龊,她一边冷眼旁观一边深深爱着它,宽容着它。正如她自己说的“因为懂得,所以慈悲。”张大概是个典型的乐观的悲观主义者吧。

把这两位大家放在一起比较,有点不着边际了……读汪曾祺吧,比较容易感到生活的暖意,若读张爱玲,轻易会被冷到……

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